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Abhyangam is a popular body massage in ayurveda. The word abhyanga itself means to massage.
It's a special type of oil massage in which strokes are given according to the needs for about 45 minutes per day for 14 days. It is very useful for obesity, diabetic gangrene (a condition developed due to lack of blood circulation in certain parts of the body).
The Massage is done with a combination of specially prepared Ayurvedic herbal oils and applied all over the body stimulating the vital points. This is very good for the general health of the skin and prevents early aging and relieves muscular aches and pain. After the massage herbal steam bath is also given.
Abhyangam can increase the production of white blood corpuscles and antibodies, which provide more resistance against viruses and diseases. This helps the defense mechanism in the body and increases immunity towards environmental changes. In this way abhyangam massage is a protector, preserver and a rejuvenator, increasing self-confidence and will power. To massage is to exercise the nervous system.


It is a process by which herbal oils, medicated milk, buttermilk etc are allowed to flow on the forehead in a special method for about 45 minutes in a day for 7 to 21 days. This treatment is for insomnia, vatha predominated diseases, mental disorders, neurasthenia, memory loss and certain skin diseases. In Thakra Dhara, after giving head massage medicated Buttermilk is poured in an uninterrupted flow from a hanging vessel to the forehead and scalp. This is very good in treating scalp problems like dandruff, Psoriasis, hypertension, Diabetes, hair loss and other skin complaints. This gives head very cooling action and generates sleep. In Shirodhara, after giving a good head massage herbal oil is poured in an uninterrupted flow from a hanging vessel to the forehead and scalp. This is very good in relieving stress and strain and generates sleep. Maintains hormone balance.


In this process specially prepared warm medicated oil is kept inside the lower back with herbal paste boundary. This treatment lasts for 45 minutes to 1 hour and it is good for any type of back pain and spinal disorders. After a full body massage using lukewarm therapeutic oils, specially prepared warm herbal oil is poured over the lower back and retained inside an herbal paste boundary. The healing properties of herbal oils used for this massage deeply cleans and enrich the blood, build and maintain strong muscle and connective tissues and lubricate the joints keeping them flexible and pain free. Kativasti alleviates lower back pain and spinal disorders.


Leaves & powders of medicinal herbs are fried in medicated oil and applied over the body in rhythmic massage. Popularly known as “Elakizhi” or “patra potala “ this is a variety of fomentation process using herbal leaves, boluses and medicated oils. If applied continuously for a period of 7 days. Arthritic conditions, lumbago, cervical spondylosis, frozen shoulder, sciatica, pain and stiffness of joints, post paralytic spasm, other spastic and inflammatory conditions etc can be cured.


‘Navara,’ the special rice, is cooked in a kashaya (special blend of cow’s milk and specific herbs) and tied in boluses. Massage is done with these boluses. The temperature of the boluses is maintained by constantly dipping it in the kashaya. The process is continued till the kashaya and / or the Navara is exhausted. Adequate pressure is applied during this process that strengthens the body, opens out the pores and rejuvenates the skin.


Application of lukewarm herbal oils over the body by 2 to 4 masseurs in a special rhythmic style for about 60 to 90 minutes per day for 7 to 21 days. It is a highly rejuvenating treatment useful in all cases of nervous disorders, treatment for paralytic, rheumatic, diabetic patients etc and as a rejuvenate course. In this treatment lukewarm medicated oil is applied on the body of the patient lying on the "Dharapathi". Oil dipped pieces of cloth are squeezed by hand and the oils rubbed smoothly over the body of the patient by masseurs on either side. The medicated oil is pressed out of the cloth uniformly over the body at a defined height and massaged by skillful hands. This treatment is indicated in stiffness and pain of joints and limbs, dislocation of joints, paralytic conditions and in ladies with a history of uterine inertia in earlier deliveries, complaints associated with Menopause. Many persons also undergo this treatment for rejuvenation and preservation of health to offset early aging. Sclerotic changes can be prevented by this treatment.


A special massage with herbal powders for diseases like hemiplegia, paralysis, obesity (excess fat) and certain rheumatic ailments. Herbal powders are massaged in a special way for 30 to 45 minutes every day for 7 to 28 days. This is considered very good in reducing over weight and controlling cholesterol of the body. It also strengthens muscles and tightens loose skin.


This is done by pouring certain lukewarm herbal oils into a cap put on the head for 15 to 60 minutes per day according to patient’s conditions for a period of 7 to 14 days. This is highly effective for dryness of nostrils, mouth and throat, facial paralysis, severe headache and other vatha based diseases. A leather sleeve of about six to eight inches in length is placed on the shaven head of the patient and a band (vartti) tied around the forehead to keep it in place. Kneaded dough is used to line the inside of this sleeve and ensure that it does not leak. Oil is then poured into the sleeve and allowed to remain on the head for a while. The length of time the oil should be kept there is determined by the physicians according to the need. This is very good in the treatment of cervical problems, sleeplessness, migraine and other problems of head, hair loss and tinnitus.


Pichu is associated with Ayurvedic oil massage therapy. It includes pressing parts body with cloth dipped in warm medicated oil. It is applied over areas that require treatments for different conditions.

Partial paralysis, rheumatism, and symptoms associated with nervous disorders are treated this way.

Siropichu means pichu given to siras or head. It is pichu therapy given to the head. It has different applications like cure to hair loss, increase eyesight, relieve stress, etc.


Drops of medicated oil are administered in each nostril of the patient. This treatment eliminates the toxins from the head and neck region and is useful in curing headaches, migraine, sinusitis, chronic cold , chest congestion, cervical spondylosis and Facial Palsy. It assures lightness of the body and head ensures better sleep. Helps in curing degeneration of cervical vertebrae.


In urovasthi specially prepared warm medicated oil is kept in herbal paste boundary on the chest. An effective treatment for respiratory problems, heart disease and muscular chest pains. After a gentle massage on the body, a mixture specially prepared warm herbal oil is poured over the chest and retained inside an herbal paste boundary for 45 minutes. The healing properties of herbal oils used for this massage enriches the blood and builds and maintains strong muscle and connective tissues. A stimulating and therapeutic treatment for muscular chest pain.


Medicated paste applied on the crown or forehead is called Thalam in the terminology in Kerala tradition of Ayurveda. Different kinds of talams are prescribed according to the nature of the illness. Treatments in Panchakarma Therapy like Pizhichil, Navarakkizhi and Sarvangadhara are preceded by the thalam.

The stress associated with modern lifestyle has created several problems and thalam is redesigned as an Ayurveda therapy to cure conditions such as lack of memory, inability to concentrate, lack of willpower, etc. It is also a good therapy for general good feeling.


This is a process in which medicated herbal paste, prepared with herbal ghees, and milk, is applied on the affected part or whole body. This is useful for various types of inflammatory conditions, arthritis, gout, skin diseases and eczema